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Industry Vocabulary G, H, I

Hello Everyone,

Here is a quick look at some other helpful industry vocabulary. Please feel free to leave comments or additional vocabulary you come across. We hope, with your help, to build a center of information about the fine art, photography and fashion industry.

We would love to hear from you.

Kind Regards,

The Duggal Team

Past Vocabulary
ABC DEF

G

galley proof (printing) Before a book is a final print, a proof of the text copy is made.
galloon (fashion) An ornamental tape of braid that is flat and wide with each edge finished in the same way. Frequently crafted in silver or gold.
gather (fashion) A sewing technique for fullness that is created by a loose row of stitches, pulling the thread, and sliding the fabric to make soft folds that lessen the fabric’s width.
gaucho (fashion) Pants with wide legs that reach mid-calf and basically resemble a divided skirt.
gauntlets (fashion) Long dress gloves that extend past the wrist.
generation (printing) The distance in reproduction stages a copy is from its original.
GIF (digital) Also known as Graphics Interchange Format, a GIF is a small image file format.
gigabyte (digital) Shortened to GB, one billion bytes.
glossy (photography) A photographic print paper that features a shiny surface.
gore (fashion) To achieve fullness in a garment, triangular fabric pieces called “gores” can be used. An example of the use of gores would include skirts, which fit at the waist or hips and gradually increase in fullness.
gradation (photography) The tonal contrast range of a given image.
grade (printing) While producing black and white prints, the classification system of the contrast of photographic papers. The “grade” ranges from 0 to 5.
grain (printing) In paper, the direction in which the majority of the  fibers lie.
gray balance (photography) Refers to the neutral gray producing density or dot values of cyan, magenta and yellow.
gripper edge (printing) The front edge of a paper as it goes through a printing press.
groundwood pulp (printing) Used for publication papers and newsprint, “groundwood” is a machine made wood pulp.
gutter (printing) Between the text and binding of a page,  blank space is referred to as the “gutter.”

H

halation (photography) A halo-esque, blurred effect that frequently occurs around bright objects in a photo.
halftone (photography) Through a screening process, the conversion of an image into dots. This could be AM screening, which features dots of different sizes with equal distance from each other, or FM screening with dots of equal size but various spacing between.
halter top (fashion) A style of top whose standard element is a high wrap neck, and frequently is backless.
hard copy (printing) A computer or printer’s visual record of the output on a substrate.
haze (photography) This presence of dust particles, smoke or moisture in the atmosphere can cause a loss of contrast in a photo.
head margin (printing) Found on the top of a page, the “head margin” is the white space above the text.
hem (fashion) A garment’s lowest edge that is sewn to finish the raw edge.
high contrast (photography) A “high contrast” image contains a wide density range.
highlight (photography) A photograph’s lightest or whitest parts.
hip pockets (fashion) Found at the height of the hip, these pockets are sewn in the front.
holdout (printing) This occurs when a coated paper has low ink absorption. It basically leaves the ink to set with high-gloss on the surface.
hollywood waistband (fashion) This type of waistband features a side zipper with a full elastic back.
hook & eye closure (fashion) A style of closure that is characterized by a metal bar or loop that is caught by a metal hook.
hoop (fashion) To hold out a full skirt, an undergarment called a “hoop” can be used. Some are basically a set of hoops that increase in size from the waist to the hem, while others are simply stiff fabric petticoats.
hue (printing) The central, distinguishing attribute of a color.
hydrophillic (printing) Non-image areas that are water receptive.
hydrophobic (printing) Image areas that are water repellant.
hypertext (digital) These are words or phrases that can automatically link to other documents.

I

illusion bodice (fashion) This style features a sheer fabric bodice that gives the illusion of no bodice.
illusion sleeve (fashion) This style features sheer sleeves that give the illusion of no sleeve.
imposition (printing) The term “imposition” refers to the careful placement of pages to ensure that they are in the correct sequence after printing, folding and cutting.
impression cylinder (printing) On a printing press, the “impression” is the cylinder that allows paper to pick up the impression from the blanket or inked plate.
incident light (photography) Instead of light reflected from a surface, “incident light” is the light falling on it.
infrared film (photography) Infrared radiation-sensitive photographic film.
initializing (photography) The term “initializing” refers to a digital camera memory card’s preparation of its’ contents to begin the recording of image data.
ink fountain (printing) The part of a printing press that both stores and supplies ink to the rollers.
ink-jet printing (printing) Digital, plate-less printing that uses digital data to print directly onto paper.
inseam (fashion) The “inseam” is literally the seam found on the inside of a pant leg.
insert (printing) An “insert” is a piece of printing that fits inside another publication.
interchangeable lens (photography) An “interchangeable lens” fits a given camera body and can possess many different characteristics, such as focal length.
intermission length (fashion) The intermission-length cut refers to a hem that falls between the knees and ankle.
interpolation (photography) This term refers to the addition of new pixels between a digital image’s existing pixels.
inverted pleat (fashion) The reverse of the box pleat.
IR (photography) Infrared radiation above 700 nm.
illusion sleeve (fashion) Thinly knit semi-transparent material that gives the illusion of having no sleeve.
investment dressing (fashion) Apparel that can be worn throughout all seasons due to their neutral color attributes and lasting quality.