Industry Vocabulary M, N, O

Vocabulary

Industry Vocabulary M, N, O

Here is a quick look at some other helpful industry vocabulary. Please feel free to leave comments or additional vocabulary you come across. We hope, with your help, to build a center of information about the fine art, photography and fashion industry.

We would love to hear from you!

Past Vocabulary:
ABC DEF GHI JKL

M

Machine Coated (printing) Paper whichi s coated one or two sides on a paper machine.
Mackinaw (fashion) Ordinary grade of wool, very heavy and thick. Generally has remanufactured wool mixed in.
Macro Lens (photography) Camera lens that continuously focuses up to extreme close-ups.
Makeready (printing) All work done to set up a press for printing.
Manteau (fashion) A loose coat, cloak, or robe.
Marquisette (fashion) Sheer, lightweight, mesh fabric used for clothing and curtains. Can be made out of silk, cotton, rayon, or synthetics.
Matrix (photography) Autoexposure metering where the camera sets both aperture and shutter speed based on the camera’s memory.
Matte Finish (printing) Dull paper without a finish gloss or luster.
Maxi (fashion) A long dress, skirt, or coat. Example: Maxi-Dress
Megabyte (digital) (Mbyte, MB, Meg) One million character codes on the computer. A unit measurement equal to 1,024 kilobytes or 1,048,576 bytes.
Megahertz (digital) (MHz) Frequency equal to one million cycles per second. Measures bandwidth or analog electroic signals.
Megapixel (digital) One millon pixels.
Merino (fashion) A soft fabric made of wool or a wool and cotton blend that resembles cashmere.
Middletones (photography) The tonal range between highlights and shadows of a photograph or reproduction.
Moiré (printing) The undesirable screen pattern caused by incorrect screen angles of overprinting halftones.
Molleton (lithography) A thick cotton fabric, similar to flannel, used on the dampening rollers of a press.
Montage (printing) Several photographs combined to form a composite illustration.
Mottle (printing) The spotty or uneven appearance of printing, mostly in solid areas.
Mylar (offset preperation) A polyester film specially suited for stripping positives because of its mechanical strength and dimensional stability.

N

Natural Waist (fashion) Seam or waistband that fastens or falls just above the hips and just below the ribcage.
Narrow Lighting (photography) When the main light is completely illuminating the side of a subject’s face (when the face is turned away from the camera).
Negative (photography) Film containing an image in which the values of the original are reversed so the dark areas in the subject matter appear light on the film and vice versa.
Negative Space (design/digital) The space where the text or image is not.
Neo-Grotesque (printing) A style of sans serif type.
Nested Indent (typography) An indentation in which each subsequent indent is set relative to the last indent, rather than from the margins.
Natural Density Filter (photography) Type of filter used to decrease the amount of light entering into a lens.
Newsprint (printing) Paper made mostly from groundwood pulp and small amounts of chemical pulp; used for printing newspapers.
Noise (photography) Grainy look found in a digital image. It is caused by image artifacts.
Non-impact printer (printing) An electronic device, like a copier, laser, or inkjet printer that creates images on a surface without contacting it.
Nonprinting characters (digital) Something that appears on screen, but does not print. Example: Rulers, guidelines, gridlines, hidden text.
Non-wovens (fashion) Fabric that is made by webs of fiber held together by bonding, chemicals, adhesives, or mechanical action. The oldest non-woven material is felt.
Norfolk Jacket (fashion) A loose, belted, single breasted jacket. The jacket has box pleats on the back (sometimes on the front) and was originally used as a shooting coat.
Normal Lens (photography) A lens with a focal length approximately equal to the diagonol measurement of the film being used.
Notched collar (fashion) Two-piece collar that must be worn open.

O

Oblique (typography) Alternate term for italic (right-leaning change in the posture of the characters)
Off-set proofs (digital) Proofs made by photomechanical or digital means in less time and at a lower cost than press proofs.
Offset (printing) Process of using an intermediate blanket cylinder to transfer an image from the image carrier to the substrate.
Offset gravure (printing) Generally done on a flexographic press by converting the anilox roller to a gravure image cylinder and veering the plate cylinder with a solid rubber plate.
Opacity (printing) The property of paper that minimizes the show-through of printing from the back side or the next sheet.
Opaque Not transperant. Or, to paint out areas on a negative not wanted on the plate or the property which makes it less transparent.
Open Prepress Interface Extension to PostScript that automatically replaces low-res placeholder images with hi-res images.
Organic clothing (fashion) Clothing made from materials that have not been grown with pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals.
Orthochromatic (photography) Photographic surfaces insensitive to red but sensitive to ultraviolet, blue, green and yellow rays.
Overexposure (photography) When too much light reaches the film creating a dense negative or very light print.
Overlay (printing) A transparent covering over the copy where color break, instructions or corrections are marked. Also trasparent or translucent prints which, when places one on the other form a composite picture.
Overlay proof (printing) A color proof produced with four dyed or pigmented overlay films.
Overprinting (printing) Double printing; printing over an area that already has been printed on.
Overrun (printing) Copies printed in excess of the specified quantity.
Overset (printing) Type that goes beyond the allotted space.