The focal point of an image can be a person, mountain, plant, building, or something with strong visual appeal. The focal point is the main subject or the center of interest in an image and it gives the viewer something to focus on. Be careful of having competing focal points because the main focal point can get lost and the image can become visually confusing. Before taking a photograph ask yourself, "what is the main subject of this photograph?" or "what will make this image stand out?" These types of questions will help you find a point of interest.
Here are a few ways to enhance the power of your focal point.
Positioning: The focal point should be in a place where the human eye naturally goes to when looking at photographs. Following the rule of thirds will help you place your focal point in the correct place.
Focus: Use depth of field to focus in on certain aspects of the photograph or to blur aspects of the photograph. If your focal point is still but there are objects moving around it, try a slow shutter speed to focus in on the focal point and blur the background.
Contrast: The more contrast there is between your focal point and its surroundings helps separate the two aspects.
These are just a few of Duggal’s suggestions and ideas to aid you in exploring the world of photography. There are many ways to approach photography and countless ways to capture the image you want. Please feel free to share some of your own ideas and comments.
Other Photography Tips:
How to Use the Rule of Thirds
Tips on How to Shoot in Various Lighting
How to Get More out of Your Point and Shoot Camera